- Misogyny, Misogynist. Literally, “hatred of women.” In practice and in speech, it looks a lot like this and this. “The results of misogyny are rape, abuse, murder, lower pay, less opportunity, general discrimination and loss of power, restrictive gender roles, and more.”
- Rape Apologia – rhetoric that excuses, sympathizes with, defends, minimizes, or normalizes rape/rapists. “Rape apology is an umbrella term for any arguments suggesting that rape is infrequent, misreported, over-reported, not that big a deal, or that it is even excusable in some circumstances, such as within a marriage or if the victim was ‘provocatively dressed‘.” (Source)
Shakesville has a few things to say about Rape Apologia as well.
- Rape Culture – a concept that links rape and sexual violence to the culture of a society, and in which prevalent attitudes and practices normalize, excuse, tolerate, and even condone rape. (Wikipedia)
I show many examples of Rape Culture in my post “A Fate Worse Than Death,” but perhaps the best illustration of rape culture is from the amazing Melissa McEwan on Shakesville: “Rape Culture 101.” Others: Geek Feminism Wiki, Marshall University, and as reported by the Huffington Post
- Slut Shaming – a concept in philosophy on sexuality. It is a neologism used to describe the act of making any person feel guilty or inferior for certain sexual behaviors or desires that deviate from traditional or orthodox gender expectations, or that which may be considered to be contrary to natural or religious law. (Wikipedia) Slut Shaming rhetoric includes blaming the victim of sexualized violence by saying these kinds of things like she deserved the attack because she was a party girl, drunk, promiscuous, openly flirtatious, a cock tease, dressed provocatively, etc. (Finally, A Feminism 101 Blog‘s Definition)
- Victim Blaming – when the victim of a crime or any wrongful act are held entirely or partially responsible for the harm that befell them. (Wikipedia) Slut Shaming is one example of Victim Blaming. Other examples include questioning the victims whereabouts, demanding justifications for behaviors or decisions, suggestion s/he is exaggerating for a plethora of reasons, etc.